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Dilution Calculator
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In general, dilution is a process of reducing the concentration of a chemicals in a solution, gas or vapour. In the case of solution, the dilution is done to add more solvent with out adding the solute. After the addition of solvent, this solution is mixed thoroughly to get it as uniform concentration. This same procedure is applied for gases and vapours. But the mixing of these two are not an easy task. Dilution of solution calculator is an online tool to determine the volume or concentration of solution before and after dilution using the given formula.

$m_{1}\times V_{1}$= $m_{2}\times V_{2}$

Where $m_{1}$ is the molarity or concentration before dilution
$m_{2}$ is the molarity after the dilution
$V_{1}$ volume before dilution
$V_{2}$ volume after dilution

## Steps for Dilution Calculator

Step 1 :

Identify the values of given parameters.

Step 2 :

Substitute the given values in below equation

$m_{1}\times V_{1}$= $m_{2}\times V_{2}$

Step 3 :

Rearrange the equation and find out the unknown quantity.

## Problem on Dilution Calculator

1. ### The initial volume of a solution is 3 litre and the concentration is 2 mol/L. If it is diluted, the volume becomes 4.5 litre. Calculate the new concentration of the solution?

Step 1 :

The given parameters are,

$m_{1}$= 2mol/L

$V_{1}$=3L

$m_{2}$=?

$V_{2}$=4.5L

Step 2 :

The equation is,

$m_{1}\times V_{1}$= $m_{2}\times V_{2}$

2$\times$3= $m_{2}\times$4.5

Step 3 :

Rearranging the equation,

$m_{2}$=$\frac{2\times 3}{4.5}$

$m_{2}$=1.33 mol/L

The final concentration is

$m_{2}$=1.33 mol/L

2. ### The initial volume and concentration of a solution are given as 2.5L and 1.2mol/L respectively. If the concentration become 0.5mol/L after dilution. Calculation the volume of the solution?

Step 1 :

The given values are,

$m_{1}$= 2.5mol/L

$V_{1}$=1.2L

$m_{2}$=0.5mol/L

$V_{2}$=?

Step 2 :

The equation is,

$m_{1}\times V_{1}$= $m_{2}\times V_{2}$

2.5$\times$1.2= 0.5$\times V_{2}$

Step 3 :

Rearranging the equation,

$V_{2}$=$\frac{2.5\times 1.2}{0.5}$

$V_{2}$=6L

$V_{2}$=6L